Hygia Care

Bipolar Disorder:

A disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.
Very common
More than 10 million cases per year (India)

  • Treatment can help, but this condition can’t be cured
  • Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Lab tests or imaging not requiredThe exact cause of bipolar disorder isn’t known, but a combination of genetics, environment and altered brain structure and chemistry may play a role.
    Manic episodes may include symptoms such as high energy, reduced need for sleep and loss of touch with reality. Depressive episodes may include symptoms such as low energy, low motivation and loss of interest in daily activities. Mood episodes last days to months at a time and may also be associated with suicidal thoughts.
    Treatment is usually lifelong and often involves a combination of medications and psychotherapy.Ages affected
  • 0-2
  • 3-5
  • 6-13
  • 14-18
  • 19-40
  • 41-60
  • 60+


Requires a medical diagnosis
Manic episodes may include symptoms such as high energy, reduced need for sleep and loss of touch with reality. Depressive episodes may include symptoms such as low energy, low motivation and loss of interest in daily activities. Mood episodes last days to months at a time and may also be associated with suicidal thoughts.

People may experience:
Mood: anger, anxiety, apathy, apprehension, euphoria, general
discontent, guilt, hopelessness, loss of interest, loss of interest or pleasure in activities, mood swings, sadness, or elevated mood
Behavioural: aggression, agitation, crying, excess desire for sex, hyperactivity, impulsivity, irritability, restlessness, risk-taking behaviours, or self-harm
Cognitive: delusion, lack of concentration, racing thoughts, slowness in activity, or unwanted thoughts
Psychological: agitated depression, depression, manic episode, or paranoia
Sleep: difficulty falling asleep or excess sleepiness
Weight: weight gain or weight loss
Also common: false belief of superiority, fatigue, or rapid and frenzied speaking.
Consult a doctor for medical advice
Note: The information you see describes what usually happens with a medical condition, but doesn’t apply to everyone. This information isn’t medical advice, so make sure that you contact a health care provider if you have a medical problem. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or a emergency number immediately.